Programming 101 – The 5 Basic Concepts of any Programming Language

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First off, I’d love to mention that I am writing these preliminary articles in a manner that I’ll presume you have hardly any knowledge in programming.

Thus, let’s begin with our initial subject: The 5 primary theories of any programming language. You may say, “Are we speaking about some other programming language?

Well, I have discovered that it is important to not forget that a lot of programming languages are extremely similar, and understanding what is common between programming languages can help you transition to some other programming language should you will need to! As an instance, using all the Java programming knowledge I’d acquired, it took me less than a month to understand how to program in a language named Objective C (that can be used for iPhone programs ). That is strong stuff!

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I realize that these words likely seem foreign to you, but do not worry, I will do my best at getting out the mystery of them. Now, there is plenty to say about every one of these 5 theories, so for today’s article, I will just be talked about thing #1, factors!

What is a factor?

I love to start off by defining what we are going to learn, therefore, Wiki defines a factor as follows:

In pc programming, a factor is a storage place and a connected emblematic name that includes a few unknown or known quantity or data, a worth.

Alright, well, that is kind of mysterious. For me personally, a variable is just a means to save some type of advice for later usage, and we could retrieve this information by simply speaking to a”word” which will explain this info.

By way of instance, let’s say you visit my site www.howtoprogramwithjava.com and the very first thing I would like to do, will ask you what your name is (so I can greet you at a wonderful manner next time you go to my site ). I’d place a small text on the screen which asks you what your title is… that text would signify a factor! Let us say I predicted that text box’yourName’, which are the emblematic name (or”phrase”) to your factor (as explained from our wiki definition above).

I’d then have the ability to return and say”What worth does the factor ‘yourName’ include?”, and the app will tell me whatever it had been your own typed into that text box.

This idea is very effective in programming and can be utilized constantly. It’s what makes Facebook and Twitter operate, it is what makes paying your bills through your internet bank work, it is what lets you put a bid on eBay.

But if we would like to acquire more special, when it concerns the Java programming language, variables have distinct kinds. Brace yourself, as I’m likely to attempt and confuse you by describing a significant idea in three paragraphs. If I had been saving your title in a variable, that kind will be a String. Or, let us say I wanted to keep your era, that kind will be saved as an Integer. Or let’s say I needed to save just how much cash you earn a calendar year, which kind will be saved as a Dual.

What the heck are String, Integer and Double?

Fantastic question! In Java, the programming language wishes to understand exactly what type of data you’re likely to be saving in a factor. I could educate you about what the distinction is between a strongly typed language and a weakly typed language, but this will bore you at this time, so let us just concentrate on exactly what a kind is in Java and it’s significant.

Typing in Java enables the programming language to understand with complete certainty that the data being saved in a variable will probably be’a certain way’. So like I mentioned, if you are keeping your age, you’d utilize the Integer kind… well that is because, in Java, an Integer means you’ve got a number that will not have any decimal places inside. It’ll be a great number, like 5, 5, or 20, or 60, or even -60, or even 4000, or even -16000. All those numbers are regarded as an Integer in Java.

What could happen if you attempted to store something which was not an Integer, in an Integer variable, say for example the value”$35.38″? Well, quite simply, you’d find an error in the program and also you may need to repair it! “$35.38″ includes a dollar sign ($) inside, in addition to a decimal place using just two digits of precision. In Java, once you define a variable is of type Integer, you’re not really permitted to save anything except an entire number.

Specifying what type of information you’re coping with enables the programming language to utilize that information in fascinating ways. Again, what I state” specifying what type of information”, I am simply referring to this kind of information.

Let us dive into the ability to assign a kind to your information.

What can you do with data types?

Let us start with a very simple illustration.

Java will act differently based on the kind of variable that is saving this information.

In case you’ve defined your factors to be of kind Integer, subsequently including 22 and 3 together will end in the Integer 25. Makes perfect sense? Obviously, this can be easy Math.

A String from Java is not the same sort of information type and it acts differently since it’s not the same sort of information.

When we consult with some String in Java (and in a number of other programming languages) were handling the information like it is only a plain old paragraph from the English language. A String just signifies words (or even more especially letters) all put in a particular order. That is all of the English language (or some other language) is a succession of characters/letters put in a particular sequence to give significance to what you are writing down.

I ask you, what exactly does it mean to incorporate two paragraphs together? What exactly does it mean to include 2 Strings collectively?

I will show you.

In the event that you were to get 2 factors, each described as Strings and they saved the information”22″ and”3″ (respectively), what could happen when we added them collectively?

This may be confusing initially, however, it makes more sense once we work with less”misleading” data.

Let us assume that in both String factors, we are not keeping numbers, we are storing words.

Today what happens in your head if I let you bring those 2 words together?

Hopefully, your normal instinct would be to say the resulting String will be”Hello World”!
I really don’t wish to enter a lot of detail about forms, as it is much better suited to programming fundamental notion #3 — Data Structures. So that is all I’ll touch on for today, but no worries, it’ll all make sense in time!

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Therefore, to sum up, we discussed what a factor is and the way you can store info at a variable then recover that info at a later stage in time. The factor may have a title, and that particular name you contribute to the factor is generally named after the sort of material you are going to be saving in the factor, so when I am keeping your title in the factor, you would name the factor’yourName’. You would not need to give this title, you can name the factor”holyCrapImProgramming”, however that would not make a great deal of sense considering you’re attempting to save an individual’s name. Makes sense? In the end, factors have forms, and such kinds are utilized to help us arrange what can and can’t be saved in the factor. Suggestion: using a kind will help open up what sort of things we could do with the info within the factor. Example: When you’ve got two Integers (let us say 50 and 32), then you’d have the ability to subtract one factor from another (i.e 50 — 32 = 18), fairly straight forward perfect? So, forms are also a potent thing, plus they assist us to make sense of exactly what we CAN do together with our factors and that which we cannot do!

I hope this advice has been useful to you, and that I hope you understand what the advantages of learning a programming language really are! The allure of learning a programming language would be very high in the modern business world since most businesses are hiring developers with the skills to make web applications. The programming profession is one which offers exceptional cover and job stability, and in the long run, is not that what we are all searching for?

To dive deeper into the subject, you may watch this movie I have created on the Subject of Variables:

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