Category Archives: Dissertation

How to structure a dissertation

Your dissertation is most likely the longest bit of writing you have ever done, and it may be intimidating to learn just where to get started. This report makes it possible to work out just what you ought to contain and where to add it.

Deciding your dissertation’s arrangement

Not many dissertations are ordered precisely the same — the kind that your study requires will depend on where you are, subject, subject and strategy.

By way of instance, dissertations in the humanities tend to be structured much more like a very long composition , building an general debate to support a fundamental thesis, together with chapters organized around various topics or case studies.

But if you are doing empirical study in the sciences or social sciences, then your dissertation should normally contain each the following components.

The arrangement of segments may also vary between areas and states. By way of instance, some universities suggest the decision should always come ahead of the discussion.

If uncertain about the way your thesis or dissertation ought to be structured, check your section’s guidelines and consult with your manager.

Occasionally in addition, it contains your student number, your boss’s name, as well as also the university’s logo.

Also read: Dissertation Examples UK for Guaranteed


The acknowledgements segment is generally optional, and provides space for one to thank everybody that assisted you in creating your dissertation. This may include your managers, participants in your study, and family or friends who encouraged you.


The abstract is a brief summary of your dissertation, typically about 150-300 words . You need to write it in the end, when you have finished the remainder of the dissertation. From the abstract, be sure to:

  • Condition the primary topic and goals of your study
  • Explain the methods you employed
  • Summarize the main outcomes
  • State your decisions

Even though the abstract is quite brief, it is the very first component (and sometimes the only part) of your dissertation people will read, therefore it is crucial that you get it right.

The dissertation contents page provides the reader an summary of your own structure and assists easily navigate the file.

You may generate a table of contents in Word in the event that you used heading styles.

In case you’ve used a great deal of figures and tables on your dissertation, you need to itemize them at an numbered list. It is possible to automatically create this listing with the Insert
Caption attribute in Word.

In case you’ve used a great deal of abbreviations on your dissertation, then you may include them within an alphabetized listing of abbreviations so the reader could quickly look up their significance.


In case you’ve used lots of highly specialized phrases which won’t be recognizable to your reader, then it may be a fantastic idea to incorporate a glossary.


At the introduction, you put your dissertation’s topic, purpose, and importance, and inform the reader exactly what to expect in the remainder of the dissertation. The debut should:

After all, the reader must know the exactly what , why and the way of your study.

Literature review / Theoretical framework

Before you begin in your study, you ought to have ran a literature review to obtain a comprehensive comprehension of the academic job that currently exists on your subject. This implies:

  • Collecting resources (e.g. publications and magazine articles) and choosing the most applicable ones
  • Critically assessing and assessing each origin
  • Drawing connections between them (e.g. topics, patterns, conflicts, gaps) to create a general purpose

From the dissertation literature review chapter or department , you should not just summarize present studies, but produce a more coherent structure and debate that results in a very clear foundation or justification for your research. By Way of Example, It May aim to reveal how your study:

  • Addresses a gap in the literature
  • Requires a new theoretical or philosophical approach to the subject
  • Proposes an answer to a open source problem
  • Advances a theoretical discussion
  • Builds on and reinforces existing knowledge with new information

The literature review frequently becomes the foundation for a theoretical frame , where you define and examine the essential concepts, theories and models that frame your own study. Within this part it is possible to answer descriptive research questions regarding the connection between variables or theories.


You should generally comprise:

Your goal in the methodology would be to correctly report everything you did, in addition to convincing the reader that this is the best method of answering your research questions or objectives.


Next, you examine the outcomes of your study . It’s possible to structure this part across sub-questions, hypotheses, or themes. Simply report results which are related to your goals and study questions. In certain areas, the results section is rigorously separated in the conversation, while in others the two are united.

By way of instance, for qualitative approaches like comprehensive interviews, the demonstration of this information will frequently be stitched with analysis and discussion, while in experimental and quantitative study, the outcomes should be shown individually before you talk about their significance. If you are unsure, speak with your manager and appear at sample dissertations to discover the best arrangement for your own research.

From the results section it may frequently be valuable to add tables, charts and graphs. Think carefully about how to present your information, and do not contain figures or tables that simply repeat what you’ve written — they ought to offer additional info or usefully picture the outcomes in a manner that adds value for your text.

Total versions of your information (for example, interview transcripts) could be contained within an appendix.


The discussion is where you learn more about the significance and consequences of your results concerning your study questions. Here you need to translate the results in detail, discussing whether they fulfilled your expectations and how they match with the frame that you constructed in previous chapters. If some of those results were sudden, provide explanations for why this could be. It is a fantastic idea to think about different interpretations of your information and share any constraints which may have affected the outcomes.

The conversation should mention other technical work to reveal how your results fit with present knowledge. It is also possible to make recommendations for future study or practical actions.


The dissertation decision should concisely answer the primary research question, leaving the reader with a transparent comprehension of your fundamental argument.

In certain academic traditions, the conclusion describes a brief segment that comes prior to the dialogue: first you straight express your general decisions, you then talk and interpret their significance.

In other contexts, but the conclusion identifies the last chapter, in which you wrap up your dissertation using a last reflection about everything you did and how you did it. This sort of conclusion frequently also contains recommendations for practice or research.

Within this part, it is important to demonstrate how your findings give rise to understanding in the area and the reason why your study topics. What are you added to what was previously understood?

Reference listing

You have to contain complete details of all resources which you’ve mentioned in a reference listing (occasionally also known as a works cited list or bibliography). It is important to adhere to a consistent citation fashion . Every style has rigorous and special requirements on how best to format your own resources in the reference listing.

Frequent styles comprise APA and MLA, however, your app will often specify that citation style you should use — be certain that you look at your prerequisites, and also ask your manager if you are unsure.

To spare time producing the reference checklist and be sure that your citations are properly and consistently organized, you may use our complimentary APA Citation Generator.


Your dissertation itself must include only essential information that directly results in answering your research question. Records you’ve used which don’t fit into the primary body of your dissertation (for instance, interview transcripts, survey tables or questions with complete amounts ) could be inserted as appendices.